Linked Modernisms is a web based visualization and analysis portal
for The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism.
The Search Function allows you to search the metadata for the entire REM. It uses a combination of natural language querying with intuitive auto-completion. Its powerful system of filters lets you zero in on relevant results and adjust the graphs to show only what you're interested in seeing.Search Function
The Degrees of Separation tool allows you to explore all possible relations among two or more terms appearing in the REM. Sophisticated visualization options and filtering let you clarify the results so you see only what you really want to see, without unnecessary clutter.Degrees of Separation
Linked Modernisms is a powerful tool for browsing, searching, and visualizing the metadata associated with the content of the Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism (REM). Through a combination of machine reasoning and human intervention, Linked Modernisms applies a custom information ontology to the content of the REM to generate ever more sophisticated metadata. Users can search specific terms, relationships, characteristics, or combinations as they explore the world of modernism. They can select from several visualization options, save their searches, and use the results to chart new directions in global modernist studies.
Linked Modernisms is dynamic, with each part constantly developing and causing the other parts to develop in turn. Those parts are:
a) The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism (REM). (For more on the REM, please visit ghostprof.org).
b) Casaubon, our customized information ontology. (For more on Casaubon, please visit our Ontology page).
c) The machine reasoning algorithm we use to generate and enhance our metadata.
d) Our metadata, which is organized into n-triples in a Virtuoso environment.
Following the dynamic ontology methodology established by the Indiana Philosophy Ontology team https://inpho.cogs.indiana.edu, Linked Modernisms never rests, since all its components are constantly developing. The REM changes regularly as new content is added and existing content is revised. The Casaubon ontology undergoes regular revision to accommodate relationships and categories required by both our data and our users. The algorithm responds to human feedback on its results so that it continues to learn how to provide better results over time as well. Finally, of course, the metadata itself changes with each shift in any or all of the other parts. In fact, all the parts change constantly in response to changes in one another. The result is an environment that – though it will never be perfect – continues to improve with time.
For its visualizations, Linked Modernisms combines multiple libraries, including d3.js, and d3sparql.js. The Degrees of Separation tool is adapted from the RelFinder, produced by Heim, Lohmann, and Stegemann at Visual Data Web, found here. The environment in which all this magic takes place is provided by Opensource Virtuoso, found here.
We would like to thank the contributors to the REM who provided the initial metadata for Linked Modernisms by filling out an exhaustive questionnaire about the entries they provided. Their answers helped form the set upon which our algorithm was initially trained. After that initial step, Linked Modernisms’ metadata is now produced algorithmically, with the results vetted by domain experts before it is integrated into our database. "